Gum disease is caused by plaque and bacteria buildup on and between the teeth. An overabundance of bacteria can lead to gum irritation. As gum disease or periodontitis progresses, the gums can recede and compromise the stability of teeth. In severe cases of periodontitis, patients can even lose their teeth. If you are looking for gum disease treatment in Towson, Maryland, call Dr. Keith Boenning and Dr. Nathan Dancykier at 410.324.2294. Request an appointment with our dentists on our website. We look forward to helping you restore your smile.
Risk Factors of Gum Disease
There are multiple factors that may make some patients more prone to developing gum disease than others:
- Poor oral hygiene: Daily brushing and flossing, as well as regular dental cleanings and exams, help remove plaque and bacteria that cause gum disease. Patients are more likely to develop gum disease if they skip brushing or do not visit the dentist regularly. Common early signs of gum disease include bleeding gums and irritation.
- Misaligned teeth: It is more difficult to clean between crooked and misaligned teeth. Plaque can build up in hard-to-reach areas and lead to periodontitis.
- Smoking and tobacco products: Smoking slows the amount of oxygen in the blood, which also slows nutrients from being delivered to the gums. Using tobacco products or smoking prevents your body from effectively fighting off potential gum infections.
- Dry mouth: When the mouth does not produce enough saliva, it becomes a breeding ground for bacterial growth. Certain medications or medical conditions may cause dry mouth.
Gum Disease Treatments
We may recommend one or more of these treatments to treat mild to severe forms of periodontitis:
- Scaling and root planing: Scaling cleans beneath the gums for a deep clean, while root planing smooths down the tooth roots so they can reattach to teeth.
- Pocket reduction and osseous surgery: If your periodontal pockets are too deep to clean with scaling and root planing, we recommend a pocket reduction to help ensure that your gums are cleaned. Osseous surgery is often performed in tandem with pocket reduction surgery. This type of surgery helps to smooth down the jawbone so the gums can easily reattach.
- Gum and bone grafting: To create a healthy and fuller gum line, we recommend gum grafting. Bone grafting restores bone mass missing in the mouth and helps restore strength to the jaw.