What Are Dentures Made Of?

Posted on 4/25/2019 by Keith Boenning, DDS
What Are Dentures Made Of?In olden days animal teeth and bones were used when you lost a tooth. In fact, George Washington's dentures were made from a combination of lead, elephant ivory, and teeth from both humans and cows.

Today, this is no longer the case as dentures are typically made of different types of resin or porcelain (preferable because it's stronger and more durable). Their supportive framework (a.k.a. partial plate) is then made of either a rigid acrylic resin or flexible (nylon) polymer. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of these materials tells you a lot about the dentures themselves.

Porcelain Dentures

These are composed of a glass-like ceramic material that's translucent like your natural teeth's enamel. Your dentist can match its color to your other teeth, which is one of the many reasons they're so similar to your natural teeth. It's also easier for you to adapt to wearing them.

Additionally, because of their heating process, they'll last much longer unless you drop them on a hard surface or grind your teeth. For these reasons, it's best for porcelain to be used in full dentures, not partials.

Acrylic Resin Dentures

Acrylic resin is the go-to material for dentures because it easily adheres to the denture base. This makes the dentures easier to adjust so we can make the perfect fit for your teeth. These dentures are also much less expensive than porcelain dentures and they're also much lighter in weight as well.

While all this sounds great, there is unfortunately one main disadvantage in that these wear faster than porcelain teeth, changing the way your teeth make contact with each other. As such, you must have these teeth replaced every 5 – 8 years. Nevertheless, they're still considered to be much better than porcelain.

When you're ready to discuss getting dentures made, contact us to schedule an appointment.
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